Also Known As:
Doxie, Weiner Dog, Hot Dog, Badger Dog
Area of Origin:
Clever, Lively, Courageous, Entertaining
Portuguese Podengo Pequeno, Basset Hound, Norwegian Elkhound, Beagle, Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
Best Breeds For:
Families or anyone looking for a companion pup. Dachshunds are also fantastic therapy dogs.
Dachshunds are intelligent, independent, and playful. But can also be mischievous and stubborn. They aren’t the easiest of breeds to housebreak or train.
Dachshunds love the apartment life. They’re active but small, so they don’t need a backyard, but they do enjoy going on walks outside.
Dachshunds were bred in Germany to hunt badgers. That’s why they have long torsos and short legs. The dog was the perfect shape for digging into the badger burrows and getting the hunt. They were bred as early as the 15th century and were well loved in courts all over Europe. Queen Victoria even had one.
Good To Know
Once they’re adults, they’ll take any amount of exercise you’d like to give them. A half-mile walk in the morning and again at night is enough, but they love to walk, especially outside, and will keep going as far as you will.
There is a difference in temperament based on their coat. Because the wire-haired Dachshunds have terrier in their lineage, they’re often less calm than their long haired cousins, who are the quietest and calmest of the three types. Smooth coated dachshunds have a personality that falls somewhere in the middle.
Health & Care
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Height: 8” to 9” at the shoulder
Weight: 16 to 32 pounds
Lifespan: 12 to 15 years
Prone to: Slipped or herniated disks due to their elongated back. Don’t let them jump down from high spots and keep their backs supported when you carry them. They’re also susceptible to weight gain, which can put even more strain on their backs.
Grooming: Dachshunds are low-maintenance pups that don’t shed too much or need too many baths. Depending on their coat type, smooth, wire-hair or long hair— there’ll be different amounts of grooming needed. Long haired Dachshunds need the most frequent grooming of all, while smooth doxies only need a simple wipe with a cloth between baths. Wire-haired doxies need regular brushing and twice a year they need their coats stripped.
At first glance, Dachshunds might look like silly-shaped lap dogs, but they’re actually accomplished hunters. They were bred to dig into badger holes and come out with the hunter’s prize. In fact, the Dachshund’s name comes from the German words for badger (Dachs) and dog (Hund). In the U.S. and Britain, they’re most often family dogs who are loved for their perky energy and clever fearlessness—and love of cuddling. But in Europe, they’re still considered hunting dogs.
Featured Image: Pepper Mini Dachshund