If you live with a puppy, you know how hilarious it is to watch them do zoomies around the house, spill their water bowls, step in food dishes, and chase their tails. Tail chasing seems playful, and it’s certainly a part of the journey as puppies learn that their tail is just an extension of their body! But if it continues through adulthood, pet parents should know why dogs chase their tails.
In fact, this was a frequent topic of discussion when I worked in a veterinary clinic – and it was a concern for pet parents that live with ageing dogs.
A few of the reasons for tail chasing include: medical issues, cognitive disorders, playfulness (a.k.a. puppies), or compulsive behaviour.
In some cases, of course, it’s just a dog being a dog. Read on to find out more!
5 Reasons Dogs Chase Their Tails
Compulsive Behaviour (OCD)
Expert Dr. Nicolas Dodman says that tail chasing can be part of a compulsive disorder for dogs. “This implies that the dog has some genetic predisposition toward this behaviour when in situations of anxiety or conflict. Being classified as a compulsive disorder also means that the activity has its roots in a natural behaviour,” explains Dodman.
In other words, tail chasing may also begin as a displacement behaviour. It’s believed to stem from dogs’ natural predatory instincts. If they don’t see their tail as part of them, they may believe it’s something worth chasing and ultimately catching.
Canine experts believe tail chasing, as a compulsion, can be unintentionally reinforced by owner attention.
Stressful situations including a shelter environment are another reason compulsive behaviour can occur. Tail chasing in this context can also be categorised as “spinning.” Simply removing the dog from the environment can make a big difference.
Puppies may not realise their tail is part of the body! They will grow out of this behaviour as they age. This doesn’t require intervention.
Tail chewing may be a cognitive issue. I’ve seen similar behaviours in my old dog. Certain older dogs may engage in more repetitive behaviours and may need behaviour modification medications.
It could be also be a symptom of cognitive dysfunction. Watching for disorientation or repetitive behaviours like barking at the wall, spinning, and tail chasing is key, as these can be signs of dementia.
Underlying Medical Causes
Arthritis, fleas or allergies can all cause a dog to constantly chase and chew their tails.
An underlying medical issue must be treated. If you notice hair loss, licking, or if you think your dog is sore, it’s important to see your vet to rule out something more serious.
Some experts don’t feel the need to intervene with tail chasing. Often, the behaviour is considered normal.
“Six-month-old Lizzie McSquare chases her tail on a pretty regular basis. She’s hilarious. She zips around for thirty seconds or so in one direction, and then she reverses. Sometimes she reverses again. I do consider it a harmless, but a hilarious way for her to burn off some puppy energy. I’m guessing that she must start to feel dizzy going in one direction and that’s why she reverses. After maybe two minutes, she usually stops,” says dog blogger and expert Irene McHugh.
How to Control this Behaviour
According to some experts, you shouldn’t give the behaviour any attention, especially if you’re concerned it’s becoming a compulsion and you don’t want it to continue.
Increasing your dog’s activity levels or ensuring they have a puzzle toy to focus on will help distract them from the behaviour, too. Other tips:
- Increase your dog’s exercise
- Reduce stress
- Talk to your vet about behaviour modification medication
Some breeds are hard-wired and known for chasing their tails, including German shepherds.
The reasons for tail chasing are wide-ranging. Some dogs simply chase their tails for a few minutes and quickly move on to another activity! It’s nothing to worry about unless you feel it’s becoming an obsession, or causing your dog pain or discomfort.
If you are concerned, be sure to consult your vet to rule out any medical issues.