You wake to the sound of your dog howling in the middle of the night.
Many dog owners wonder, is it because of the full moon? But the moon has nothing to do with it—and it’s nothing ominous.
Dogs howl for many reasons, but the main ones are long-distance communication, territoriality, loneliness, and injury.
Much like barking, howling is just another standard method of communication.
Just like humans singing along at a concert, dogs howling can simply be an expression of ancestral fervour as they join in on the chorus.
Your dog’s howling might be an autonomic response, hearkening back to the lineage they share with wolves. And just like howling wolves, domestic dogs can start off a whole cacophony of noise with just one howl.
As soon as another dog hears it, all the local dogs join in, and the spread can cover a lot of territory!
Most of us have been privy to at least one infectious occasion of dog howls. But unlike when wolves howl in spooky movies, your dog’s howling doesn’t mean something terrible is about to happen.
Animal behaviourists think that dogs howl to:
- Warn off potential predators encroaching on territory (you know, like the postman or the doorbell)
- Call home lost pack members
- Help the pack find them if they become separated
- Call others when prey is cornered. Hunting dogs like basset hounds, foxhounds, and beagles have been bred to intensify this instinct.
Done properly, howling can accomplish many functions simultaneously. Ultimately, it’s a bonding activity that’s healthy and typical for pack animals like dogs.
We might assign all sorts of human reasons to why dogs howl at fire engines or police cars.
Do they have a sixth sense for danger? Do they know that someone is in trouble? Does the sound hurt their ears?
It turns out—although in many ways their hearing is superior to ours—that the most likely reason is that they’re mistaking the sirens for howls.
And as dogs age and senses fade, they may make this mistake more often. This is why older dogs often howl more at sirens than younger pups.
Just like you or me, dogs dream. And during their most active phases of sleep, it’s not uncommon for them to twitch, “walk” their legs, roll their eyes, and even howl. Unless your pet exhibits other symptoms of a sleep disorder, a nighttime howl here and there is nothing to be concerned about.
Another reason dogs howl is related to physical and emotional needs. These may include:
- Loss of sight or hearing due to ageing
- Canine dementia
- Pain or injury
- Separation anxiety
For an older dog, the loss of some faculties coupled with anxiety, pain, or confusion can cause excessive vocalisation.
If you think about it, it makes sense for an older or more vulnerable dog to howl this way, because a howling dog can call their pack to find and protect them, just as they howl to help bring stray pack members home safely.
Sometimes, unusual vocalisation may be a sign of physical discomfort that needs special attention.
Give your dog a once over to check for pain or irritation, and schedule a vet visit to confirm what’s going on.
Dog lovers know that every furry friend has unique attributes and personality quirks. Some may desire more attention than others or howl simply to complain. Dog behaviour can be confusing, and it can help to remember that dogs see their human families as pack members.
Dogs form strong social bonds and would much prefer that everyone in the pack stick together. Your dog’s howl before or after you head out the door may be a sign they are nervous about your leaving. It may be a way to call you back home or alert others to their lonely state.
For a dog that might tend toward nervousness and separation anxiety, it can feel like a big issue when pack leader is leaving. If you think your dog’s howling an attention or anxiety issue, read our series on separation anxiety. If your dog’s experiencing feelings of loneliness or even boredom, you can find a local sitter on Rover.com who offers dog boarding and can give your dog all the attention they deserve while you’re gone.
If you believe the howling is a behavioural issue that requires more training, consult with a trusted dog trainer for tips about how to handle unwanted howling. And of course, if your dog’s vocalisations aren’t excessive for you or an issue for the neighbours, you can always just take a video and enjoy.
Howling is in their nature, after all, and sometimes it’s so cute you can howl with laughter alongside them!